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Question #

Why are the world's fold mountain systems located along the margins of continents? Bring out the association between the global distribution of fold mountains and the earthquakes and volcanoes.

ChatGPT Answer #

The world's fold mountain systems are located along the margins of continents due to the tectonic forces that act at these locations. These forces cause the crustal plates to collide, resulting in the compression and folding of the Earth's crust, which gives rise to fold mountains.

The association between the global distribution of fold mountains, earthquakes, and volcanoes is primarily due to plate tectonics. When two crustal plates collide, the forces involved can cause the plates to fracture and slide past each other, resulting in earthquakes. The intense pressure and movement along the plate boundaries create zones of high seismic activity.

Furthermore, when crustal plates converge, one of the plates usually sinks beneath the other in a process called subduction. Subduction zones are common along the margins of continents and they are significant in the formation of volcanoes. As the subducted plate descends into the Earth's mantle, it melts due to the high temperature and pressure, forming magma. This magma then rises through the crust, leading to volcanic eruptions and the formation of volcanoes.

In summary, the world's fold mountain systems are primarily located along the margins of continents due to tectonic forces causing compression and folding of the Earth's crust. These same forces associated with plate tectonics also give rise to earthquakes and volcanic activity, as the colliding plates generate intense pressure, fractures, and subduction zones, where magma rises to the surface, leading to volcanic eruptions.

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