Powered by Redpapr

GS Question

Back to 2016 GS3

Back to 2016

Back to Home

Question #

Given the vulnerability of Indian agriculture to vagaries of nature, discuss the need for crop insurance and bring out the salient features of the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY).

ChatGPT Answer #

Indian agriculture is highly dependent on the monsoon season, making it susceptible to the vagaries of nature such as droughts, floods, and pests. These natural calamities often lead to crop failures, causing significant financial distress to farmers who rely on agriculture as their primary source of income. In such a scenario, crop insurance becomes a crucial tool to safeguard the interests of farmers and ensure their economic stability.

Crop insurance provides financial assistance to farmers in the event of crop losses or damages due to natural factors. It helps farmers recover their losses and minimize the impact of agricultural risks, allowing them to sustain their livelihoods. By providing a safety net, crop insurance plays a vital role in empowering farmers, reducing their vulnerability, and promoting investment in agriculture.

In this context, the Government of India launched the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) in 2016, which aimed to revolutionize the agricultural insurance sector in the country. The PMFBY has several salient features, including:

1. Comprehensive Coverage: The scheme offers coverage for all food and oilseed crops and a few commercial crops. It provides financial protection against yield losses, prevented sowing due to adverse weather conditions, post-harvest losses, and localized risks such as pests and diseases.

2. Premium Subsidy: The scheme provides a subsidy on insurance premiums to make it affordable for farmers. The premium rates for farmers are fixed and nominal, with the remaining cost shared by the central and state governments.

3. Compulsory Enrollment: Under the PMFBY, all farmers who avail loans for notified crops in notified areas are required to enroll in the scheme. This ensures maximum coverage and benefits for farmers.

4. Technology-Driven: The PMFBY leverages modern technology and remote sensing techniques to assess crop yields and losses accurately. This helps in timely settlement of claims and reduces the administrative burden.

5. Timely Disbursement of Claims: The scheme mandates the settlement of claims within a specified time frame, generally 15 days of completion of required documentation. This ensures that farmers receive timely assistance, minimizing financial hardships.

6. Farmer-Friendly Approach: The PMFBY emphasizes the involvement of farmers' organizations, cooperatives, and other stakeholders to ensure transparency, responsiveness, and farmer-centric implementation.

7. Risk Mitigation: The scheme promotes good agricultural practices and measures to mitigate risks by encouraging farmers to adopt modern technologies, farm machinery, and weather-based advisories.

The PMFBY has made significant strides in increasing the coverage and awareness of crop insurance among farmers. However, there is still a need for further improvements, including reducing the delays in claim settlements, increasing awareness among farmers, and enhancing the accountability and efficiency of insurance companies.

In conclusion, given the vulnerability of Indian agriculture to natural calamities, crop insurance is essential to protect farmers from financial losses and ensure their economic stability. The Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) is a comprehensive scheme that aims to provide affordable and timely coverage to farmers. However, continuous efforts should be made to address the challenges and further strengthen the implementation of the scheme for the benefit of all farmers in the country.

Google Bard Answer #

Coming Soon.

Claude AI Answer #

Coming Soon.