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Discuss the potential threats of Cyber attack and the security framework to prevent it.

ChatGPT Answer #

Potential Threats of Cyber Attacks:

1. Malware: Malicious software like computer viruses, worms, trojans, ransomware, etc., can infect systems and networks, allowing attackers to gain unauthorized access or control over them.

2. Phishing: Phishing involves tricking individuals or organizations into revealing sensitive information, such as passwords or credit card details, by posing as a trustworthy entity via email, phone calls, or fake websites.

3. Denial of Service (DoS) Attacks: These attacks overwhelm a network, system, or website with excessive traffic or requests, causing the targeted service to become unavailable to legitimate users.

4. Social Engineering: This technique involves manipulating individuals to divulge confidential information by exploiting their trust or emotions through deceptive tactics, often combined with impersonation.

5. Insider Threats: Cyber attacks can also originate from employees or individuals with privileged access, who intentionally or accidentally misuse their access privileges to disclose, steal, or manipulate sensitive data.

6. Advanced Persistent Threats (APTs): APTs are sophisticated and prolonged attacks targeting specific organizations or individuals with highly skilled attackers using multiple techniques to breach defenses, often remaining undetected for long periods.

Security Framework to Prevent Cyber Attacks:

1. Risk Assessment: Organizations should conduct regular assessments to identify potential vulnerabilities, analyze the impact of cyber threats, and prioritize security measures accordingly.

2. Security Policies: Establishing comprehensive security policies and procedures helps define the expected behavior for employees, contractors, and third-party vendors; it includes password policies, data handling guidelines, and incident response processes.

3. Employee Training: Regular training and awareness programs educate personnel about cyber threats, phishing techniques, and social engineering tactics, enabling them to adopt proactive measures, identify suspicious activities, and report incidents promptly.

4. Secure Network Infrastructure: Implementing firewalls, intrusion detection and prevention systems, and secure network configurations to protect against unauthorized access attempts.

5. Regular Software Updates: Patching vulnerabilities in software and applications, along with timely updates, addresses known security weaknesses and helps prevent exploitation by attackers.

6. Data Encryption: Encrypting sensitive data, both in-transit and at-rest, ensures that even if breached, the information remains unreadable and unusable to unauthorized individuals.

7. Incident Response Plan: Having a well-defined incident response plan enables organizations to detect, respond, and recover from cyber attacks promptly, minimizing potential damages and downtime.

8. Regular Backup and Recovery: Implementing regular backups of critical systems and data helps recover from ransomware attacks or other instances of data loss due to cyber attacks.

9. Vulnerability Management: Continuously scanning and assessing systems for vulnerabilities and promptly applying patches or corrective measures to mitigate risks.

10. Third-Party Risk Management: Ensuring that third-party suppliers and partners maintain robust security practices, as their vulnerabilities can be exploited as a point of entry into your organization's systems.

These are some of the key components of a security framework that organizations can adopt to prevent and mitigate the potential threats posed by cyber attacks. However, it is important to note that security measures must be regularly reviewed, updated, and adapted to evolving threats in an ever-changing threat landscape.

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